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What are the types of gate valves?


Gate valves come in various types and designs, each tailored to specific applications and operational requirements. Here are some common types of gate valves:

1. Solid Wedge Gate Valve: Solid wedge gate valves have a solid, wedge-shaped gate that provides a tight seal when fully closed. They are suitable for a wide range of applications, including those involving clean fluids, non-corrosive environments, and low to moderate temperatures.

2. Split Wedge Gate Valve: Split wedge gate valves have a two-piece gate that can expand and contract to accommodate temperature fluctuations, which reduces the risk of binding and provides improved sealing performance in high-temperature applications.

3. Flexible Wedge Gate Valve: Flexible wedge gate valves have a wedge gate with a cut along its perimeter, allowing it to flex slightly when closing, which enhances the sealing performance. These valves are often used in systems with temperature variations and thermal cycling.

4. Parallel Slide Gate Valve: Parallel slide gate valves have parallel gates that move in a perpendicular direction to the flow of the fluid. They offer excellent sealing capabilities and are often used in high-pressure and high-temperature applications, such as steam systems.

5. Knife Gate Valve: Knife gate valves have a sharp-edged gate that is ideal for cutting through thick, viscous, or fibrous materials, making them suitable for applications in wastewater treatment, pulp and paper mills, and mining industries.

6. Rising Stem Gate Valve: In a rising stem gate valve, the stem rises as the valve is opened, providing a visual indication of the valve's position. This design is often used in applications where it's important to know whether the valve is open or closed.

7. Non-Rising Stem Gate Valve: Non-rising stem gate valves have a stem that does not move vertically when the valve is operated. Instead, the stem threads into the gate, and the gate itself rises and lowers within the valve body. These valves are typically used in applications with limited space above the valve.

8. Outside Screw and Yoke (OS&Y) Gate Valve: OS&Y gate valves have the stem and yoke assembly located outside the valve body, which provides protection against fluid corrosion and external damage. They are commonly used in applications where safety and visibility of the valve's status are important.

9. Bolted Bonnet and Pressure Seal Gate Valve: These gate valve types differ in their bonnet designs. Bolted bonnet gate valves have a separate bonnet that is bolted to the valve body, while pressure seal gate valves use a pressure-energized seal between the body and bonnet. Pressure seal gate valves are typically used in high-pressure applications.

10. Cryogenic Gate Valve: Cryogenic gate valves are designed to operate in extremely low-temperature environments, such as those found in the handling of liquefied natural gas (LNG) or other cryogenic fluids. They are built to withstand the challenges posed by cryogenic temperatures.

The choice of gate valve type depends on factors such as the fluid being handled, the operating conditions (temperature, pressure, and flow rate), and the specific requirements of the application. It's important to select the appropriate gate valve type to ensure efficient and reliable valve operation in a given system.

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